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Graph metrics and functions

Basic metrics

Now that we have our graph let's start probing it for some basic metrics, such as how many nodes and edges it contains and the time range over which it exists.

Note, as the property APIs are the same for the graph, vertices and edges, these are discussed together in Property queries.


In the below code segment you will see the functions num_edges() and num_temporal_edges() being called and returning different results. This is because num_edges() returns the number of unique edges and num_temporal_edges() returns the total edge updates which have occurred.

The second is useful if you want to imagine each edge update as a separate connection between the two nodes. The edges can be accessed in this manner via edge.explode(), as is discussed in edge metrics and functions.


print("Stats on the graph structure:")

number_of_vertices = g.num_vertices()
number_of_edges = g.num_edges()
total_interactions = g.num_temporal_edges()
unique_layers = g.get_unique_layers()

print("Number of vertices (Baboons):", number_of_vertices)
print("Number of unique edges (src,dst,layer):", number_of_edges)
print("Total interactions (edge updates):", total_interactions)
print("Unique layers:", unique_layers, "\n")

print("Stats on the graphs time range:")

earliest_datetime = g.earliest_date_time()
latest_datetime = g.latest_date_time()
earliest_epoch = g.earliest_time()
latest_epoch = g.latest_time()

print("Earliest datetime:", earliest_datetime)
print("Latest datetime:", latest_datetime)
print("Earliest time (Unix Epoch):", earliest_epoch)
print("Latest time (Unix Epoch):", latest_epoch)


Stats on the graph structure:
Number of vertices (Baboons): 22
Number of unique edges (src,dst,layer): 290
Total interactions (edge updates): 3196
Unique layers: ['_default', 'Grooming', 'Resting', 'Presenting', 'Playing with', 'Grunting-Lipsmacking', 'Supplanting', 'Threatening', 'Submission', 'Touching', 'Avoiding', 'Attacking', 'Carrying', 'Embracing', 'Mounting', 'Copulating', 'Chasing'] 

Stats on the graphs time range:
Earliest datetime: 2019-06-13 09:50:00
Latest datetime: 2019-07-10 11:05:00
Earliest time (Unix Epoch): 1560419400000
Latest time (Unix Epoch): 1562756700000

Accessing vertices and edges

Three types of functions are provided for accessing the vertices and edges within the graph:

  • Existance check: Via has_vertex() and has_edge() you can check if an entity is present within the graph.
  • Direct access: vertex() and edge() will return a vertex/edge object if the entity is present and None if it is not.
  • Iterable access: vertices() and edges() will return iterables for all vertices/edges which can be used within a for loop or as part of a function chain.

All of these functions are shown in the code below and will appear in several other examples throughout this tutorial.


print("Checking if specific vertices and edges are in the graph:")
if g.has_vertex(id="LOME"):
    print("Lomme is in the graph")
if g.has_edge(src="LOME", dst="NEKKE", layer="Playing with"):
    print("Lomme has played with Nekke \n")

print("Getting individual vertices and edges:")
print(g.edge("LOME", "NEKKE"), "\n")

print("Getting iterators over all vertices and edges:")


Checking if specific vertices and edges are in the graph:
Lomme is in the graph
Lomme has played with Nekke 

Getting individual vertices and edges:
Vertex(name=LOME, earliest_time="1560419520000", latest_time="1562756100000", properties={_id: LOME})
Edge(source=LOME, target=NEKKE, earliest_time=1560421080000, latest_time=1562755980000, properties={Weight: 1}) 

Getting iterators over all vertices and edges:
Vertices(Vertex(name=ANGELE, earliest_time="1560419400000", latest_time="1562754600000", properties={_id: ANGELE}), Vertex(name=FELIPE, earliest_time="1560419400000", latest_time="1562756700000", properties={_id: FELIPE}), Vertex(name=LIPS, earliest_time="1560419460000", latest_time="1562756700000", properties={_id: LIPS}), Vertex(name=NEKKE, earliest_time="1560419520000", latest_time="1562756700000", properties={_id: NEKKE}), Vertex(name=LOME, earliest_time="1560419520000", latest_time="1562756100000", properties={_id: LOME}), Vertex(name=BOBO, earliest_time="1560419520000", latest_time="1562755500000", properties={_id: BOBO}), Vertex(name=ATMOSPHERE, earliest_time="1560419640000", latest_time="1562683260000", properties={_id: ATMOSPHERE}), Vertex(name=FEYA, earliest_time="1560420000000", latest_time="1562756040000", properties={_id: FEYA}), Vertex(name=FANA, earliest_time="1560420000000", latest_time="1562754600000", properties={_id: FANA}), Vertex(name=PIPO, earliest_time="1560420660000", latest_time="1562752560000", properties={_id: PIPO}), ...)
Edges(Edge(source=ANGELE, target=FELIPE, earliest_time=1560419400000, latest_time=1562753640000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=LIPS, earliest_time=1560523860000, latest_time=1562670060000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=NEKKE, earliest_time=1560441780000, latest_time=1562670060000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=LOME, earliest_time=1560441780000, latest_time=1562669940000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=BOBO, earliest_time=1560441960000, latest_time=1560441960000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=ATMOSPHERE, earliest_time=1560441960000, latest_time=1561988880000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=FEYA, earliest_time=1560766980000, latest_time=1562249160000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=FANA, earliest_time=1561122000000, latest_time=1562753640000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=MUSE, earliest_time=1560855540000, latest_time=1562683020000, properties={Weight: 1}), Edge(source=ANGELE, target=MAKO, earliest_time=1560441720000, latest_time=1562669940000, properties={Weight: 1}), ...)